Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the Libraries of the House of Commons and House of Lords and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can find research briefings by sorting by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Library Research Papers: in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other major topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Commons Library Standard Notes: 3,000 briefings on topical issues or frequently asked questions.
    • Lords Library Notes: Written by the research section of the House of Lords Library to provide information on topics of current interest to members
    • POSTnotes: Short briefings produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology analysing policy issues that have a basis in science and technology.
    • POST Reports: Occasional major reports produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology.

Displaying 81-100 out of 5300

  • Business and Consumer Confidence Published 01 April 2014 | Standard notes SN02817 Business and Consumer Confidence: Information on business and consumer confidence surveys, which is generally released ahead of official statistical data and can indicate changes to the economic outlook as well as turning points in the economic cycle. Topic: Consumers, Economic situation, Manufacturing industries
  • Productivity Published 01 April 2014 | Standard notes SN02791 Productivity: Data showing UK productivity by sector and comparisons of UK productivity with other G7 countries. Topic: Economic situation, Industry
  • HE in England from 2012: Funding and finance Published 31 March 2014 | Standard notes SN06206 The Government raised the cap on tuition fees for new student to £9,000 in 2012/13 and cut most ongoing direct public funding for tuition in England. This shifted the balance of higher education funding further away from the state and further towards the individual who benefits. Students can take out publicly subsided student loans to pay these higher fees. There is uncertainty about the final size of this subsidy and the Government’s estimate of it has increased considerably since the reforms were first announced. This also affects the size of any saving in public expenditure and the extent of the shift in costs from the state to the individual beneficiary. Topic: Higher education, Students
  • HIV Prevention in the UK Published 31 March 2014 | POST notes POST PN 463 Amended 01 April 2014 A POSTnote summarising the approach to preventing the HIV epidemic in the UK. Topic: Health education and preventive medicine, Health services, Medicine, Science
  • Tax, marriage & transferable allowances Published 31 March 2014 | Standard notes SN04392 Since the introduction of independent taxation in 1990, all individuals have been assessed for tax as separate persons, entitled to their own personal tax allowance, to set against their liability to income tax. This note looks at the debate there has been about allowing partners to transfer their allowance to their spouse, so that the tax system might 'recognise' marriage. Topic: Taxation
  • Key documents : taxation Published 31 March 2014 | Standard notes SN04680 This note lists some of the key official documents relating to taxation, and a short selection of other reading on this topic. Topic: Taxation
  • Constituency casework: immigration, nationality and asylum Published 31 March 2014 | Standard notes SN03186 Members of Parliament handle an enormous number of immigration, nationality and asylum enquiries from constituents. This note outlines the legal restrictions on giving immigration advice, gives some suggestions on handling constituents' enquiries, refers to some sources of information that may be helpful for straightforward questions, and highlights training courses available to Members' staff. Topic: Asylum, Immigration, Nationality
  • Mitochondrial Donation Published 31 March 2014 | Standard notes SN06833 Amended 10 April 2014 This note seeks to provide a summary of the role of mitochondria, mitochondrial disease and the proposed new techniques. It will also outline the investigations into these techniques that took place prior to the Government announcement; a HFEA scientific review of the safety and efficacy of methods, an ethical review of the techniques for mitochondrial replacement undertaken by the Nuffield Council on Bioethics and an HFEA public consultation. The main safety and ethical considerations associated with the introduction of these techniques into clinical practice will be discussed. Topic: Diseases, Genetics, Medical ethics, Medicine, Science
  • Work Programme Published 28 March 2014 | Standard notes SN06340 The Work Programme is the Government's main welfare-to-work scheme, designed to tackle long-term unemployment. Topic: Employment, Employment schemes, Unemployment
  • Age-related personal allowance Published 28 March 2014 | Standard notes SN06158 All taxpayers are entitled to receive a personal allowance to set against their income for tax purposes. Individuals aged 65 and over have been entitled to receive an additional allowance; an extra addition has been made for those age 75 and over. This note gives details of the allowance and the Government's decision, first announced in Budget 2012, to phase it out from 2013/14. Topic: Taxation
  • The latest round of Israeli/Palestinian talks, 2013-14 Published 28 March 2014 | Standard notes SN06854 Attitudes to US Secretary of State's drive to revive the Middle East peace process have generally been pessimistic. Is that justified? Topic: Middle East
  • Air passenger duty : recent debates & reform Published 28 March 2014 | Standard notes SN05094 This note looks at the recent debate on taxing aviation, in the context of concerns about the structure of air passenger duty, the rates of tax, and the Coalition Government's consultation exercise on reforming APD, launched in the 2011 Budget. The development of APD since its introduction is set out in two other Library notes (SN413 & SN6426). Topic: Aviation, Taxation
  • Components of GDP Published 28 March 2014 | Standard notes SN02787 Components of GDP: Data on the components that make up GDP, including household consumption, government spending, investment, net trade and output by sector. Topic: Economic situation
  • Retail Sales Published 28 March 2014 | Standard notes SN02818 Retail Sales: Data on the value of retail sales in the few years. Topic: Economic situation, Service industries
  • Aviation:proposals for an airport in the Thames estuary, 1945-2014 Published 28 March 2014 | Standard notes SN04920 Amended 02 April 2014 Summary (with chronological list) of attempts to build an airport in the Thames estuary since the 1940s Topic: Aviation
  • Living Former MPs Published 28 March 2014 | Standard notes SN05324 A list of all known living former Members as at 28/03/2014. Topic: Members of Parliament
  • Housing Benefit: Shared Accommodation Rate Published 28 March 2014 | Standard notes SN05889 This note provides background information on the operation of the SAR and its extension in January 2012 to claimants under age 35. Topic: Housing, Housing benefits, Private rented housing
  • The Terrorism Act 2000 Proscribed Organisations Published 28 March 2014 | Standard notes SN00815 This note describes the recent history and present status of “proscribed organisations” under anti-terrorism legislation (particularly the Terrorism Act 2000 as amended). Topic: Intelligence services, Terrorism
  • House of Lords Reform (No 2) Bill 2013-14 Published 28 March 2014 | Standard notes SN06832 The House of Lords Reform (No. 2) Bill 2013-14 is a private Members’ bill. It would allow members of the House of Lords to retire or resign permanently. It also provides that members who did not attend and those convicted of serious offences should cease to be members of the House of Lords. Topic: House of Lords, Members of the Lords
  • The Post Office: recent developments Published 27 March 2014 | Standard notes SN06718 Amended 14 April 2014 The Note looks at the background to the separation of the Post Office from Royal Mail, the proposed mutualisation of the Post Office, the progress of transformation and modernisation of the Post Office, and the impact on financial performance. Topic: Postal services

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POST produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology. You can leave feedback at www.surveymonkey.com/postnote