Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the Libraries of the House of Commons and House of Lords and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can find research briefings by sorting by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Library Research Papers: in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other major topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Commons Library Standard Notes: 3,000 briefings on topical issues or frequently asked questions.
    • Lords Library Notes: Written by the research section of the House of Lords Library to provide information on topics of current interest to members
    • POSTnotes: Short briefings produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology analysing policy issues that have a basis in science and technology.
    • POST Reports: Occasional major reports produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology.

Displaying 81-100 out of 5401

  • The Greater London Authority Published 09 July 2014 | Standard notes SN05817 The role and powers of the Mayor of London, including the changes introduced by the Greater London Authority Act 2007. The note also describes the role and powers of the London Assembly. It provides explanations of the electoral system and the system of government within the Greater London Authority, with some notes on current policy priorities. Topic: Local government, Regional assemblies
  • Beak Trimming Ban Published 09 July 2014 | Standard notes SN06931 Beak trimming is used to improve welfare in laying hen flocks. There are welfare concerns and the Goverment plans to ban the practice in 2016. Farmers are calling for the ban to be postponed Topic: Agriculture, Animal welfare, Animals, Farmers
  • Short Money Published 08 July 2014 | Standard notes SN01663 This note provides details of the current levels of 'Short money' allocated to opposition parties for parliamentary duties, and a brief history of the scheme. Figures for the corresponding scheme in the House of Lords (Cranborne money) are provided. The note also provides details of allocations made under the representative money scheme. Topic: Parliament, Political parties
  • Social Action, Responsibility and Heroism Bill Published 08 July 2014 | Research papers RP14/38 The Coalition Agreement included a commitment to encourage volunteering and involvement in social action. The Government intends that the Social Action, Responsibility and Heroism Bill will help to fulfil this commitment by reassuring volunteers (and others) that the courts will consider the context of their actions in the event that they are sued for negligence or breach of statutory duty. Topic: Charities, Civil law, Voluntary organisations
  • Cancer Statistics: In Detail Published 08 July 2014 | Standard notes SN02677 Amended 11 July 2014 How has the prevalence of cancer in the UK changed over time? How does it vary between different UK countries and regions? Which cancers are most common? How do mortality rates vary by age and location? How do survival rates vary between cancers? Topic: Diseases, Health services
  • Stimulating housing supply - Government initiatives Published 08 July 2014 | Standard notes SN06416 This note outlines key Government measures aimed at stimulating housing supply. Topic: Housing, Housing supply
  • Student loan statistics Published 08 July 2014 | Standard notes SN01079 Student loans are the main method of direct government support for higher education students. Money is loaned to students at a subsidised rate to help towards their maintenance costs and to cover the cost of tuition fees. Currently more than £10 billion is loaned to students each year. This is expected to grow rapidly over the new few years and the Government expects the value of outstanding loans to reach over £100 billion (2014 15 prices) in 2018 and continue to increase in real terms to around £330 billion (2014 15 prices) by the middle of this century. Topic: Higher education, Loans, Students
  • Worsening humanitarian crisis in Syria and Iraq Published 08 July 2014 | Standard notes SN06926 The plight of civilians in Syria may be about to get a lot worse, as drought ravages the region, ISIS takes over much of the River Euphrates and government services threaten to collapse. Topic: Food, Health services, Iraq, Middle East, Water
  • Prisoners' voting rights Published 08 July 2014 | Standard notes SN01764 Narrative of events following the judgment of the European Court of Human Rights on 6 October 2005, the Hirst case, that the UK’s current ban on all serving prisoners from voting contravenes Article 3 of Protocol No 1 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Topic: Elections, Electoral franchise, General elections, Prisons
  • Role of the Lord Chancellor Published 07 July 2014 | Standard notes SN02105 History and development of the office of Lord Chancellor. This note summarises the history and development of the office of Lord Chancellor and also examines the changes that were made to the role following the enactment of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005. Topic: Constitution, House of Lords, Ministers
  • Tax avoidance : a General Anti-Abuse Rule Published 07 July 2014 | Standard notes SN06265 UK tax law is specifically targeted rather than purposive: in tackling the exploitation of loopholes in the law, governments have legislated against individual avoidance schemes as and when these have come to light. This note looks at the case that has been made recently for a general anti-avoidance rule, the Goverment's introduction of a 'narrower' General Anti-Abuse Rule in 2013, and subsequent initiatives to tackle aggressive tax avoidance. Topic: Taxation
  • Child Poverty Act 2010: a short guide Published 04 July 2014 | Standard notes SN05585 The Child Poverty Act 2010, which received Royal Assent on 25 March 2010, fulfilled the Labour Government's commitment made in September 2008 to enshrine in legislation the target of 'eradicating' child poverty by 2020 Topic: Incomes and poverty
  • Exchange rates Published 04 July 2014 | Standard notes SN02811 Exchange rates: Data on the value of the pound relative to other major international currencies. Topic: Economic policy, Economic situation, World economy
  • Firefighters pension schemes - current reforms Published 04 July 2014 | Standard notes SN06585 Looks at the current debate on reforms to firefighters' pensions Topic: Fire services, Pensions
  • Teachers' Pension Schemes- current reforms Published 04 July 2014 | Standard notes SN06731 Looks at current reforms to teachers pensions Topic: Pensions
  • Common Agricultural Policy Reforms 2014-2020: Implementation Decisions in the UK Published 03 July 2014 | Standard notes SN06929 Common Agricultural Policy reforms for 2014-2020 are now being implemented across the European Union. There is a considerable amount of flexibility for each Member State to implement the reforms in the way that best suit their own farming systems. The ... Topic: Agriculture, Agriculture and environment, Common Agricultural Policy
  • Labour Productivity in the UK Published 03 July 2014 | Standard notes SN06492 Productivity in the UK, with explanations and breakdowns of statistics by sector, region of the UK. International comparisons are also provided. Topic: Economic situation
  • The UK block opt-out in police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters: recent developments Published 03 July 2014 | Standard notes SN06930 The UK Government would like to opt back into 35 measures in the area of police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters adopted before the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, but will the other EU Member States agree unanimously on this? Topic: Criminal law, EU Council of Ministers, EU law and treaties, EU political integration, European Commission, European Council, Police
  • US economy: developments since the 2008/2009 recession Published 03 July 2014 | Standard notes SN06901 US economic recovery from the 2008/2009 recession has been steady as annual GDP growth averaged 2.3% between 2010 and 2013. Unemployment has been falling but the proportion of working age adults in employment remains low by historical standards. Interest rates are near 0% and the Federal Reserve has bought $4 trillion in assets to try and boost the economy. Large budget deficits have seen fiscal policy become a key political battleground. Topic: Economic policy, Economic situation, World economy
  • Scotland: Referendum and independence. A select bibliography. Published 03 July 2014 | Standard notes SN06698 A selection of resources on the referendum taking place on 18 September 2014 and the potential impact of independence. Standard Note as at 31 July 2013. Topic: Constitution, Devolution

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POST produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology. You can leave feedback at www.surveymonkey.com/postnote