Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the Libraries of the House of Commons and House of Lords and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can find research briefings by sorting by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

Find a briefing paper
  1. Close

    Glossary

    • Commons Library Research Papers: in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other major topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Commons Library Standard Notes: 3,000 briefings on topical issues or frequently asked questions.
    • Lords Library Notes: Written by the research section of the House of Lords Library to provide information on topics of current interest to members
    • POSTnotes: Short briefings produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology analysing policy issues that have a basis in science and technology.
    • POST Reports: Occasional major reports produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology.

Displaying 1-20 out of 5423

  • NEET: Young People Not in Education, Employment or Training Published 21 August 2014 | Standard notes SN06705 955,000 people aged 16-24 were NEET in the second quarter of 2014, 13.3% of people in this age group. Current Government schemes with elements aimed at reducing the number of young people who are NEET include: raising the participation age, the Youth Contract and the Work Programme. Topic: Economic situation, Unemployment
  • Pension Schemes Bill Published 21 August 2014 | Research papers RP14/44 Research Paper for Second Reading of Pension Schemes Bill 2014/15 Topic: Pensions
  • National Insurance Contributions Bill [Bill 80 of 2014-15] Published 21 August 2014 | Research papers RP14/45 The National Insurance Contributions Bill 2014-15 would allow for both categories of National Insurance contributions (NICs) which are payable by the self-employed – Class 2 and Class 4 – to be collected through self assessment from April 2016. The Bill would also extend existing tax rules regarding ‘accelerated payments’ and ‘high-risk’ tax promoters to NICs, and introduce a Targeted Anti-Avoidance Rule to prevent the avoidance of NICs by intermediaires. Topic: National insurance, Taxation
  • Pre-nuptial agreements Published 20 August 2014 | Standard notes SN03752 Pre-nuptial agreements are not automatically enforceable in courts in England and Wales. The Law Commission has recommended the introduction of enforceable “qualifying nuptial agreements" Topic: Family law, Marriage, Registration of births, deaths and marriages
  • Assisted suicide Published 20 August 2014 | Standard notes SN04857 This note provides background to the offence of assisting a person to commit suicide under the Suicide Act 1961, in the context of terminally ill people who may be unable to end their lives without the assistance of family or friends. Particular reference is made to the cases of Debbie Purdy, who in July 2009 obtained a House of Lords ruling ordering the Director of Public Prosecutions to formulate an offence-specific policy setting out the factors he will consider when deciding whether to prosecute assisted suicide offences, and Tony Nicklinson. The note also considers the Assisted Dying Bill [HL], a Private Member's Bill introduced by Lord Falconer of Thorogood, which is currently before the Lords. Topic: Crime, Medical ethics
  • Agriculture in the home countries: Social Indicators page Published 20 August 2014 | Standard notes SN03994 Agriculture in the home countries: Social Indicators page providing summary statistics on agriculture in the countries of the UK from the annual June farm surveys. Topic: Agriculture
  • Living Former MPs Published 20 August 2014 | Standard notes SN05324 Amended 21 August 2014 A list of all known living former Members as at 16/06/2014. Topic: Members of Parliament
  • Ministers in the Coalition Government: 2010 - present Published 19 August 2014 | Standard notes SN06544 This list notes ministerial office holders since the 2010 General Election. Topic: Central government, Ministers
  • NHS workforce statistics: England Published 19 August 2014 | Standard notes SN02223 NHS workforce statistics: England. By Ricky Fang and Rachael Harker SN/SG/2223. This note summarises recent trends in the NHS workforce in England. Topic: Health staff and professions
  • Missing persons and the presumption of death Published 18 August 2014 | Standard notes SN04890 The Presumption of Death Act 2013 will be implemented in October 2014. The Government is to consult on the creation of a status of guardian of the property of missing persons Topic: Death
  • UK arms transfers to the Peshmerga in Iraqi Kurdistan Published 18 August 2014 | Standard notes SN06963 After rapid advances by the Islamic State (formerly known as ISIS or ISIL) towards Erbil, the capital of the Iraqi Kurdish Region, the UK government has indicated that it may send arms to the Peshmerga, the Kurdish Regional Government's security force. Topic: Arms control, Iraq, Middle East
  • Student loan statistics Published 18 August 2014 | Standard notes SN01079 Student loans are the main method of direct government support for higher education students. Money is loaned to students at a subsidised rate to help towards their maintenance costs and to cover the cost of tuition fees. Currently more than £10 billion is loaned to students each year. This is expected to grow rapidly over the new few years and the Government expects the value of outstanding loans to reach over £100 billion (2014 15 prices) in 2018 and continue to increase in real terms to around £330 billion (2014 15 prices) by the middle of this century. Topic: Higher education, Loans, Students
  • Possible changes to HM Land Registry’s commercial model Published 15 August 2014 | Standard notes SN06885 In 2014, the Government launched a consultation on whether the Land Registry should continue to operate in its present structure, or if the delivery and policy functions should be seperated. In its July response, the Government stated that "further consideration would be valuable" and that no decision had been made. This note considers the issues raised in the consultaiton, and the Government's response. Topic: Land law
  • The Impact of Personal Indebtedness in United Kingdom Households, Especially on Children Published 15 August 2014 | Library notes LLN 2014/029 This Library Note was prepared for a debate in the House of Lords on the impact of personal indebtedness in UK households, especially on children, which was scheduled to take place on 17 July 2014, but was postponed to a future date. Topic: Children and families, Economic situation, Financial services, Loans, Pay
  • GCSE, AS and A Level reform Published 15 August 2014 | Standard notes SN06962 An overview of the Government's extensive reforms to GCSE, AS and A level qualifications. Topic: Schools
  • Components of GDP Published 15 August 2014 | Standard notes SN02787 Components of GDP: Data on the components that make up GDP, including household consumption, government spending, investment, net trade and output by sector. Topic: Economic situation
  • Service industries Published 15 August 2014 | Standard notes SN02786 Service industries: Data incorporating the retail sector, the financial sector, the public sector, business administration and cultural activities . Topic: Economic situation, Service industries
  • GDP - international comparisons: key economic indicators Published 15 August 2014 | Standard notes SN02784 GDP International Comparisons: data and forecasts for the UK and the world's largest economies. Topic: Economic situation, International economic relations, World economy
  • Unemployment - National: key economic indicators Published 15 August 2014 | Standard notes SN02797 Unemployment - National: Data on International Labour Organisation unemployment, the headline measure of unemployment in the UK. Topic: Unemployment
  • Gross Domestic Product Published 15 August 2014 | Standard notes SN02783 UK Gross Domestic Product: Regularly updated data on growth and forecasts. Topic: Economic situation

Related information

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

If you have any comments on briefings from the Commons Library, please contact papers@parliament.uk.

Please note, authors are not available to discuss the contents of papers with members of the general public. 

TwitterFollow House of Commons Library on Twitter

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

Email holresearchservices@parliament.uk with comments on Lords Library Notes.

Please note that authors are not available to discuss the contents of Library Notes with members of the general public.

POST produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology. You can leave feedback at www.surveymonkey.com/postnote