What MPs do

The UK public elects Members of Parliament (MPs) to represent their interests and concerns in the House of Commons. MPs consider and can propose new laws as well as raising issues that matter to you in the House. This includes asking government ministers questions about current issues including those which affect local constituents.

MPs split their time between working in Parliament itself, working in the constituency that elected them and working for their political party.

Some MPs from the governing party (or parties) become government ministers with specific responsibilities in certain areas, such as Health or Defence. These MPs do not stop working for their constituency and, whatever their role in Government or Parliament, will still hold regular surgeries to help their constituents.

Working in Parliament

When Parliament is sitting (meeting), MPs generally spend their time working in the House of Commons. This can include raising issues affecting their constituents, attending debates and voting on new laws. This can either be by asking a question of a government minister on your behalf or supporting and highlighting particular campaigns which local people feel strongly about.

Most MPs are also members of committees, which look at issues in detail, from government policy and new laws, to wider topics like human rights.

Working in their constituency

In their constituency, MPs often hold a 'surgery' in their office, where local people can come along to discuss any matters that concern them.

MPs also attend functions, visit schools and businesses and generally try to meet as many people as possible. This gives MPs further insight and context into issues they may discuss when they return to Westminster.

Who is your MP?

To find out who represents you and how to contact them, you can:

To find out more about you and your MP see our publication.

Contact the House of Commons Enquiry Service

The House of Commons Enquiry Service provides information on the work, history and membership of the House of Commons.

Our telephone enquiry service is open between 10am-12 midday and 2pm-4pm (Monday to Friday, excluding bank holidays).

Publications

The House of Commons Enquiry Service produces a series of free publications which you can read online, or contact us to request copies.

House of Commons on Twitter

Follow @HouseofCommons for updates on the UK House of Commons Chamber.

Related information

Constituent:

The UK is divided into 650 different regions called constituencies where the public elect candidates to be their MP. A 'constituent' is the name given to every person who lives within or is eligible to vote in a constituency.

Code of Conduct

The Code of Conduct helps MPs understand their responsibilities to Parliament and the public. In addition to guidance, the Code also requires all Members to declare outside interest, like paid work or gifts.

House of Commons Chamber Film - Committees


Westminster is the second Chamber of the House of Commons which holds debate on national and local issues

House of Commons Chamber Film - Working for You


Find out more about how you can contact your MP, visit Parliament while it is in session or watch it online in this short chapter