Key dates

1421
Earliest statute concerning a road is passed by Parliament.

1663
Parliament passes first Turnpike Act.

1751-72
"Turnpike mania" - trusts cover more than 11,500 miles of road.

1835
The Highways Act formalises the practice of driving on the left.

1836
Parliament passes its last Turnpike Act.

1846
More than 700 railway Bills are considered by Parliament.

1853-54
Parliament authorises the first underground line in London.

1864
Both Houses of Parliament appoint a joint committee to consider underground line proposals.

1992
Transport and Works Act changes procedures and reduces number of private bills coming before Parliament.

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Related information

Current parliament business on the topic of transport