Further your research

Pat Thane, ‘Foundations of the Welfare State’, (London, 1982)

J. T. Ward, ‘The Factory Movement, 1830-55’, (London, 1962)

M. A. Crowther, ‘The Workhouse System 1834-1929’, (London, 1981)

J. D. Marshall, ‘The Old Poor Law 1795-1834’, (Basingstoke, 2nd edn, 1985)

Michael E. Rose, ‘The Relief of Poverty 1834-1914’, (Basingstoke, 2nd edn, 1986)

Paul Slack, ‘The English Poor Law, 1531-1782’, (Cambridge, 1990)

James Walvin, ‘A Child’s World: A Social History of English Childhood, 1800-1914’, (London, 1982)

Pamela Horn, ‘Children’s Work and Welfare 1780-1880s’, (Basingstoke, 1994)

John Benson, ‘British Coalminers in the Nineteenth Century: A Social History’, (Dublin, 1980)

Related information

Current parliamentary material on employment