Transportation Act authorises judges to sentence criminals to transportation to the American colonies
Gaols Acts aims to improve conditions in gaols
Penitentiary Act authorises plans to construct two model prisons based on John Howard's ideas
Act for building a new gaol at Gloucester, the first of a long series of measures to build county prisons
Act of Parliament enables Glasgow to establish its own police force, the first professional force in Britain
Gaols Act standardises regulations for the administration of prisons and for their control by the Home Office
Metropolitan Police Act establishes a full-time police force for the greater London area
Prisons Act extends Home Office's powers of supervision of prisons
Rural Constabulary Act enables county areas to establish police forces, but only if they wish
Penal Servitude Act abolishes the transportation of criminals
County and Borough Police Act makes policing compulsory throughout England and Wales
General Police Act (Scotland) establishes separate police authorities in Scotland
Offences against the Person Act limits the death penalty, which from 1837 had applied to 15 offences, to murder alone
Prisons Act completes the transfer of control over prisons from local authorities to the Home Office
Prevention of Crime Act establishes a national system of borstals for offenders under 21
Police Act begins the process of merging local forces to cover larger geographical areas
The Prison Act 1952 made changes to the way prisons were managed.
Police Act reduces the number of police forces in the UK to 47 in England and 20 in Scotland
The Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 codified police powers and gave suspects new rights.
The Police and Magistrates' Courts Act 1994 made important changes to the relationship between the Home Secretary, police forces and police authorities, for example giving the Home Secretary powers set national performance targets for police forces.
The Police Reform Act 2002 gave the Home Secretary new powers to intervene in the management of police forces, and introduced police community support officers. It also reformed the police complaints system.
Page last updated December 2013