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During the reign of Charles I, there was accelerating political tension concerning the power of Parliament and the 'rights and liberties of the subject'. In 1628 the House of Commons drafted this petition proclaiming, among other things, the illegality of taxation without parliamentary consent and of arbitrary imprisonment. Although Charles accepted this curtailment of the royal prerogative and the petition became an Act, he refused to admit that these were new rights. This episode marked an important step on the road to the king's experiment in ruling without Parliament, known as the period of 'personal rule'.
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