The Lord Keeper's full title was Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of England. This is the person who had the custody of the king's great seal, with authority to attach it to public documents.
By the early 18th century this appointment usually was made if no suitable candidate was available for the more senior post of Lord Chancellor.
Either the Lord Keeper or Lord Chancellor could be appointed as the minister responsible for the government's legal business - and was also speaker of the House of Lords.
Scottish Lord Chancellor
Custodian of the great seal of Scotland, and the senior government minister with particular responsibility for the Scottish legal system.
Rights or privileges that individuals might have or exercise by virtue of private grants, for instance, made by members of the Scottish aristocracy, or under Scottish law on the holding of property.
Heritable offices and jurisdictions
Heritable offices are roles that in Scotland are passed on by inheritance, such as that of sheriff or bailie. Sheriffs had judicial, financial, administrative and other roles and were often lairds: members of the Scottish gentry.
One of the many 'indirect' taxes imposed on 'luxuries' and paid according to one's wealth. Introduced in 1696, the tax was rated according to the number of windows in a dwelling (cottages were exempt). It remained in force until 1851 when replaced by a house tax similar to the council tax.