"Mr Balfour's poodle"?

A Liberal electoral landslide in 1906 made a clash with the Conservative-dominated House of Lords almost inevitable

Constitutional crisis

Two inconclusive general elections were held in 1910 in an attempt to resolve the constitutional crisis

The Conservatives split

The Government's determination to press on with the Parliament Bill provoked a split in the Conservative Party

Parliament Bill 1949

Following the Labour landslide of 1945 the Government prepared to revisit the 1911 Parliament Act

Life Peerages Act 1958

The plan for life peers, including women, to sit and vote alongside existing hereditary peers got a strong reaction from the public

Further reforms

The House of Lords continued to undergo reform in the 1950s and 1960s

Hereditary Peers removed

In 1999 the House of Lords Act excluded most hereditary Peers from the Upper House as the Government embarked on a new phase of reform

Related information

Read about the current role and daily business of the House of Lords

Also in this section

When were the two Parliament Acts passed? Key dates in the relationship between Lower and Upper House