Final tidying up of the Bill
Third reading in the Chamber is the final chance for the Lords to debate and change the contents of the Bill.
At least three sitting days usually pass between report stage and third reading.
Before third reading takes place
The day before third reading starts, amendments (proposals for change) are published in a Marshalled List – in which all the amendments are placed in order.
Amendments on related subjects are grouped together and a list (“groupings of amendments”) is published on the day.
What happens at third reading?
Unlike the Commons, amendments can be made at this stage, provided the issue has not been fully considered and voted on at an earlier stage.
Amendments at third reading in the Lords are often used to clarify specific parts of the Bill and to allow the Government to make good any promises of changes to the Bill made at earlier stages.
What happens after third reading?
If the Bill started in the Lords, it goes to the House of Commons for its first reading. The Commons reprints the Bill with the Lords amendments.
If the Bill started in the House of Commons, after third reading in the Lords, the amended Bill is sent back to the Commons for it to consider the Lords amendments.