Hybrid Bills

Hybrid Bills mix the characteristics of Public and Private Bills. The changes to the law proposed by a Hybrid Bill would affect the general public but would also have a significant impact for specific individuals or groups. The Bill passed concerning the construction of the Channel Tunnel was an example of a Hybrid Bill.

Recent Hybrid Bills

Hybrid Bills often propose works of national importance but in a specific area of the UK. Examples are the Channel Tunnel Bills passed in the 1970s and 1980s that affected the South East of the UK, and the Crossrail Bill to build a new east to west rail link through central London passed in 2008.

The main High Speed 2 legislation currently passing through Parliament is a Hybrid Bill.

Who decides what is a Hybrid Bill?

The Public Bill Offices decide whether a Bill falls into the Hybrid category. Both Houses debate these Bills and they go through a longer parliamentary process than Public Bills.

Petitioning against Hybrid Bills

Opponents to Hybrid Bills may submit petitions and certain individuals and groups can state their case before a select committee.

Related information

For further information on Hybrid Bill read the Commons Library briefing paper: Hybrid Bills

Hybrid Bills before Parliament

View current Hybrid Bills before Parliament.