Making laws

One of Parliament's main roles is debating and passing laws.

Why are new laws needed?

Find out why new laws are made and how they are developed.

Draft Bills

Draft Bills are Bills issued for consultation before being formally introduced to Parliament.

Bills

A Bill is a proposal for a new law, or a proposal to change an existing law that is presented for debate before Parliament.

Passage of a Bill

How does a Bill become an Act? Find out the stages a Bill goes through before it becomes law.

Acts

An Act of Parliament creates a new law or changes an existing law.

Delegated legislation

Delegated or secondary legislation is usually concerned with detailed changes to the law made under powers from an existing Act of Parliament.

The Parliament Acts

Although rarely used, the Parliament Acts provide a way of solving disagreement between the Commons and the Lords.

Related information

House of Commons Chamber Film - Making Laws


This chapter looks at the important role of the House of Commons in agreeing the laws that affect everyone in the UK

Bills and legislation

We carry a full list of Bills before Parliament - with complete texts, amendments and all proceedings. You can follow the progress of legislation on this site by accessing our Bills and Legislation section.

For schools

Living Heritage

Investigate the relationship between Parliament and the citizen and how dialogue, representation and protest have brought about progressive legislation and changes in society